It is mandatory for the corresponding author to register with the USG journals electronic manuscript tracking system before submitting an article. All articles should be prepared according below mentioned instructions and submitted with the following files: Cover letter, manuscript, figures and tables including legends, supplementary files (if any).
The cover letter should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief of the journal and specify the type of article, title of the manuscript, summarize why it should be published and its value addition to the scientific literature.
In addition, the authors must state that the work is original and has not been published and is not submitted for publication anywhere else.
USG accommodates a wide range of manuscript structures and considers manuscripts of any length with no restrictions for the number of words, figures, or the length of the supporting information.
All manuscripts should be typed in single column, double-spaced, and include line numbers and page numbers in order to facilitate the review process.
Generally for original research articles, manuscript file should include the following sections, in the below mentioned order: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results & Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Figure Legends, Table Legends and Supplementary files, if any. Figures and Tables must be submitted as separate files while submitting online through the editorial manager.Authors may submit their manuscript files in Word (as .doc or .docx), LaTeX (as .pdf), or RTF format.
Units used in the manuscript must be in accordance with the International System of Units and standardized recommended nomenclature should be used as appropriate. Chemical compounds and bio-molecules should be referred to using systematic nomenclature, preferably using the recommendations by International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
For the manuscripts dealing with the microbial strains and cultures, the public culture collections (ATCC, ECACC, NCTC, NCIMB, MTCC, etc) deposition number should be provided. The PubChem compound identifier (CID) number from the NCBI PubChem Compound database should be provided, if chemical compounds are used for the research. The list of the chemical compounds (with PubChem CID) and the microbial strains (deposition number) should be listed below the keywords section.
Standard abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and defined upon first use in the text whereas non-standard abbreviations should be avoided unless they appear at least four times in the text. Authors must include the list of non-standard abbreviations at the end, immediately before the acknowledgments section of their manuscript. Equations should be inserted in editable format from the equation editor (MathType is highly recommended).
For studies involving human or animal subjects, a statement detailing IACUC (Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee) /IRB (Institutional Review Board) and / or related ethical approval and consent should be included in the methods section. For further details of the journal's editorial policies and ethical guidelines please refer to USG Editorial Policies.
Together, this section should describe the results of the experiments and interpretation with the previous related studies discussing the hypothesis presented as the basis of the study and provides a succinct explanation of the implications of the findings.
USG follows the recommendations by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors stating that all financial, commercial or other relationships that might be perceived by the academic community as representing a potential conflict of interest must be disclosed. If no such relationship exists, authors will be asked to declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any interests mentioned. For more details, see USG Editorial policies.
Authors are required to include a statement of responsibility in the manuscript that specifies the contribution of every author.
KB conceived the experiment(s), RB and MG conducted the experiment(s), RG and KB analysed the results. All authors reviewed and approved the manuscript.
Blum K, Chen AL, Braverman ER, Comings DE, Chen TJ, et al. 2008. Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and reward deficiency syndrome. Neuropsychiatric Dis Treatment 4(5): 893-918. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S2627
In press article
Blum K, Oscar-Berman M, Denetrovics Z, Barh D, Gold MS. 2014. Genetic addiction risk score (GARS): Molecular neurogenetic evidence for predisposition to Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS). Mol Neurobiol May (In Press).
Blum K. 2013. Molecular neurobiology of addiction recovery: the 12 steps program and fellowship. Springer, New York, USA.
Article or book chapter within a book
Blum K. 2012. Neurogenetics and nutrigenomics of reward deficiency syndrome. In: Barth RJ, Blum K, Madigan M (eds) Omics—biomedical perspectives and applications. CRC (Taylor & Francis), Boca Raton, pp 535–576.
Link / URL
The Mouse Tumor Biology Database. [http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi/index.do]
Clinical trial registration record
Mendelow AD. 2006. Surgical Trial in Lobar Intracerebral Haemorrhage. Current Controlled Trials. doi: 10.1186/ISRCTN22153967
Report of International Science Meets / Initiatives
World Health Organization Global initiative for the elimination of avoidable blindness. An informal consultation. WHO/PBL/97. 61. Geneva: WHO, 1997.
Figures and Tables files (including legends) must be submitted as separate files, not embedded in manuscript text. Legends should be included in the manuscript file and should be placed at the end of the manuscript. Legends are required to have a short title of 18 words or less and should describe the message of the figure or table. Legends should be preceded by the appropriate label, for example 'Figure 1' or 'Table 1'. Figure panels are referred to by bold capital letters in brackets: (A), (B), (C), (D), etc.Tables: Tables should be created in Word, Excel or LaTeX and have a concise title. They must be primarily cell-based and editable. Graphics or colored fonts are not acceptable, instead bold or italic can be used to emphasize. Tables should be self-explanatory and include units in the column/row headings.
Color Image Mode
Images must be submitted in the color mode RGB.
Chemical structures should be prepared using ChemDraw or other drawing programs and should select settings as close as possible according to the following given below:
Drawing settings: chain angle – 120 degrees; bond spacing - 18% of width; bond length - 14.4 pt; bold width - 2.0 pt; line width - 0.6 pt; margin width - 1.6 pt; hash spacing - 2.5 pt.
Text settings: Atom labels and captions font – Arial or Helvetica; size - 10 pt.
Authors are recommended to submit a 'mark image' that can be used to represent their article online in the journal homepage, table of contents, etc. Mark images should be single, high resolution, eye-catching image and ideally a cropped / full portion of image taken from the figures or raw images submitted as supporting information of the article. If no image is submitted, a figure from the paper will be designed as the mark image. Please do not submit any figures or photos that have been previously copyrighted unless you have explicit written permission from the copyright holder to publish.
Peer Review Process
For papers accepted subject to changes the revised submission (comprising a revised manuscript with all changes indicated and a point-by-point response to the peer review report/rebuttal to review) is assessed by the EIC/Handling Editor and either accepted for publication or returned to the author for further changes.
The paper is subject to several stages of editing, proofreading and quality control by journal staff before and after typesetting.
All authors are asked to revise the uncorrected proofs (typeset) until the paper is ready for publication. Before publication all authors are asked to provide signed declaration and copyright transfer form of their paper.
After publication each paper is publicised through social media channels and Journals email newsletter, TOCs alerts.
The articles with a critical, constructive analysis of the previously published literature through a proper analysis, comparison and differentiation in a specific field addressing a research concept with broad significance identifying the research gaps; would be considered as a review article. The manuscript structure remains the same as mentioned for original full length research articles except that there would be a “review” / “body” instead of “results and discussion” section. The materials and methods section should contains for example the information about: selection criteria of studies, source of data / databases, search strategies, number of studies screened and included, treatment methods, statistical methods, softwares used, etc. The main part of the review article should focus on the methodological approaches, models, studies or theories that agree with another versus studies that disagree, explaining the text structure with chronological order and / or geographical location covering one idea, aspect or topic per paragraph. Author should make sure to organize the different pieces of information into a line of argument justifying the objective of the review. The conclusions should answer the research questions mentioned in the introduction and gives a message that integrates the points discussed in the review which recommend new research areas.
Articles with novel techniques/methods
Emerging medical technologies with implementation of new techniques/methods in the field of addiction science research has found potential clinical applications and ways for the early detection and intervention, prevention and treatment practices to improve the quality of care for people with unhealthy substance use and related addictive conditions. Often these techniques do not have substantial peer-reviewed scientific data related to its basics for making a positive review and scientific conclusions. In order to make aware of such novel techniques with potential applications to the scientific community especially clinicians and scientists, it is appropriate for publication of articles with acceptable peer review.
The advised format for publication include abstract, introduction, description of the technique, discussion, and references. The technique should be advanced and provide a remarkable advantage in the basic and clinical research in addiction science. Commercial bias must be avoided and should fully disclose all competing interests or supports. Authors are encouraged to include videos (legends should describe the video; preferably not more than 10 MB in .MPEG video-audio format), images, figures if required. The details of the manufacturer name, surgeons and their contact and / or affiliations should not be included in the video, instead be cited in the text.
Clinical studies reports
Reports of the clinical investigations and / or observations should begin with an organized abstract that explain the purpose, study design, methods including selection procedure, primary outcome of the study and conclusion with their clinical relevance. After that the manuscript should follow the standard format: introduction describing the study principle, design and objectives; materials & methods used and types of analysis, presentation of results with discussion on safety and adverse events explaining the risk/benefit assessment and conclusions.
In studies involving animals, a statement describing the care of animals and details of IACUC ethical approval should be included in the manuscript. In studies involving experimental investigations, a declarative sentence stating that informed consent was obtained from the participants and the study was reviewed by the respective federal or appropriate ethics committee / gene therapy advisory committee or IRB or that no IRB approval was required, must be included in the manuscript.
Case report should begin with well-defined expressive abstract followed by the sections: introduction, case report(s), discussion and references. Author should state the potential impact of the case report to the medical scientific community in the abstract.
Letters to Editors
Letters to editors are generally, articles written in reference to the article (s) previously published in the journal. The article should comment or make suggestions to the work published previously and help in enhancing knowledge and to find way towards future research needs.
The journal also publishes invited editorials, short communications, case studies, monographs, etc.
USG reserves the right to reject the manuscripts publication that do not meet the technical or ethical standards (COPE) according to the editorial policies and retract publications if any breach and / or misconduct of ethical standards, dispute of interests comes to light during post-publication peer review process.
It is the sole responsibility of the authors to make sure that their research article does not include any plagiarized content and/or breach the ethical guidelines and the publishers are not responsible for any such scientific misconduct. USG vows to strictly adhere to all the policies and guidelines related to scientific publishing (as mentioned in the Publishing Policies and Guidelines section) and if any misconduct is detected at any time during the publication process, USG has the right to retract an article or publish erratum under the advice of the Editor-in-Chief.